6 Causes of Light Sensitivity

woman holding her fingers to her eyes because of light sensitivity

Light sensitivity is also known as photophobia, which is a common condition that causes individuals to experience discomfort or eye pain when exposed to light. Some instances of photophobia might make you squint in a brightly lit room or while outside, or it may bring on headaches or nausea for certain individuals. Staying out of sunlight or staying in a dark room 24/7 is no way to live. Let’s learn more about what causes light sensitivity for your eyes:

#1. Corneal Abrasion

Corneal abrasion is one of the most standard kinds of eye damage- where the cornea becomes scratched.  A corneal abrasion produces momentous discomfort, red eyes, and hypersensitivity to light. Along with disrupting your vision, a scratched cornea means that you are more vulnerable to infection. Dry eyes and wearing contact lenses for a long period of time can result in a corneal abrasion.

#2. Uveitis

Uveitis is a type of eye irritation that affects the middle layer of tissue in the eye wall. This ailment can affect one or both eyes in those ages 20 to 50, but in certain cases, it can affect children. There is no definite cause of uveitis, however, uveitis can occur from infections, injuries, or an autoimmune or inflammatory disease. Uveitis can be a major health concern and lead to permanent vision loss. However, early diagnosis and treatment are critical in managing this condition.

#3. Detached Retina

The retina is fundamental to optical handling among the eyes and the brain, and is connected to your light sensitivity level.  If the retina detaches from the eye, you can experience an unexpected development of light sensitivity, visual floaters, or flashes and/or vision loss. Retinal detachment can occur at any age, yet is more typical for individuals over the age of forty. You should seek treatment for a detached retina from an optometrist as soon as possible.

#4. Sunburned Eyes

Yes, it is possible to sunburn your eyes! Harshly sunburned eyes are also known, as photokeratitis, which is a result of lengthy exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays. This condition can produce blurred vision and light sensitivity. You don’t have to look directly into the sun to get sunburned eyes; the harm can come from the reflection of the rays in water and/or sand. Just like when your skin gets sunburned, there are long-term effects on your eyes as well. Sunlight can cause your eye cells to weaken, affecting eye diseases such as cataracts. It is important to always bring protective eyewear whenever exposed to UV rays.

#5. Iritis

Iritis is the inflammation of the colored part of the eyeball, also referred to as the iris, which controls pupil dilation and the amount of light that enters the eye. This condition can lead to major issues such as severe vision loss and blindness. Iritis is more common than most individuals realize, and this condition can affect children and adults of all ages. There are numerous causes for iritis, such as injuries, infection, inflammation, or reaction to medicine.

#6. Allergic Conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis, also known as a type of pinkeye, is a redness and inflammation of the clear membranes covering the whites of the eyes and the membranes of the inner part of the eyelids. This specific type of conjunctivitis is triggered by eye irritations such as pollen, dust, and animal dander, and can be seasonal or reoccur all year round. Luckily, there are ways to prevent allergic conjunctivitis, such as medications.

Protect Your Eyes from Light Sensitivity at Marano Eye Care

Hands down, your eyes are the most essential organ and sense you have- so protect them! If you are experiencing any form of light sensitivity, you should visit an optometrist immediately so the problem can be addressed before it gets any worse. Luckily, Marano Eye Care has three convenient locations in Denville, Livingston, and Newark N.J. Our professional team will provide all the information you need to keep your eyes in exceptional condition. Contact us today to book an appointment or to learn more about taking care of your eyes.

Marano Eye Care
Marano Eye Care
Marano Eye Care has been a leader in the rapidly changing field of vision care, being one of the first practices to perform advanced laser cataract surgery. Dr. Matthew Marano and his staff offer decades of experience in eye care and surgeries. Contact us for inquiries about our services or request an appointment at one of our three New Jersey locations.
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