Diabetes and Eye Care

Diabetes affects millions of Americans across the nation. Marano Eye Care encourages any patients who has diabetes to regularly visit their eye doctor in order to avoid eye problems that can be caused by diabetes and it’s symptoms. The rise in blood sugar caused by diabetes increased the risk of eye problems for the patients. Diabetes is the leading cause of adult blindness in patients ages 20 to 75. Many times, we will have patients with diabetes come to use complaining of blurred vision and asking to be prescribed glasses. What they are unaware of is that high blood sugar levels may actually be causing their temporary vision issues. These high blood sugar levels may also cause the eye to swell, which will change the ability to see clearly out of that eye. Once blood sugar is returned to target levels, vision will usually return to normal.

Why People with Diabetes Need to get Their Eyes Checked

Patients with diabetes are at a much greater risk of developing cataracts. A cataract is a clouding or fogging of the normally clear lense of the eye. This cloudy area will inhibit the patient to focus light. Glaucoma can also develop quicker in diabetes patients than in those without. When fluid builds up inside of the eye and does not drain properly, it can lead to a buildup of excess pressure. This pressure can damage nerves and blood vessels in the eye, causing vision damage.

Because diabetes affects the blood sugar levels, and essentially, the makeup of our blood vessels, diabetic retinopathy is another condition that diabetics are more prone to develop. This condition is due to the damage of small blood vessels within the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in 1st world countries, and may be more or less severe depending on how long the patient has had diabetes.